Everything Counts.



Universal Screener/Progress Monitor, 2nd Edition (USPM-2)
Donald J. Asbridge, Ed.S.


The USPM-2 Now Available!

Step #1:  Download and Review the FREE USPM-2 Starter Kit.

The Starter Kit is NOW AVAILABLE and consists of 5 components

• The Original Research in PDF format.  
• USPM-2 Powerpoint™ Training Presentation.
• User's Guide 1.0 (explains everything you need to know to get started) in PDF format.
• Universal Screening Form (US-2) in Excel™ format.
• Progress Monitor Form (PM-2) in Excel™ format.
"I was sold on it as soon as I saw it."  
     Principal, December of 2016

Terms of Use & License/Fees

Step #2:  Try the USPM-2 for FREE with NO Obligations! 

Who UsageLicense/Fee
EveryoneCan download and review the USPM-2FREE!
TeachersCan use the USPM-2 in their class for up to 3 monthsFREE!
TeachersYearly fee (after the initial 3 months)Only $15 per Year!
SchoolsCan use the USPM-2 school wide for up to 3 months/trimesterFREE!
SchoolsYearly fee (after the initial 3 months)Only $100 per Year!
DistrictsCan use the USPM-2 district wide for up to 3 months/trimesterFREE!
DistrictsYearly fee (after the initial 3 months)Only $250 per Year!
AnyoneConsultations/Support via E-Mail or PhoneFREE!
AnyoneStaff Trainings/Inservice (Contact Don Asbridge via e-mail)TBD

That's right, you are reading correctly!  You can download and review the USPM-2 for FREE!  A teacher, school, or district can implement it for up three months for FREE!  If and only if it works for you and your students and you choose to continue to use it, then pay the unbelievably low fees to continue use!

If you choose not to continue to use the USPM-2, there are no obligations! 

Please feel free to spread the word about the USPM-2 and refer interested people to this page, but any and all users agree not to redistribute the USPM-2 except as allowed by terms.

The author ultimately retains and reserves all rights to the USPM-2.  Use is unlimited per class, school, or district levels as described by terms of license/fees or elsewhere on this page; otherwise, no part of this copyrighted USPM-2 may be reproduced or used in any other form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information and retrieval system, without prior written permission of the copyright owner. 


No Pressure, Easy As 1-2-3!

Step #3:  Make a GREAT Choice! 

If you are one of the few schools/districts running a successful RtI/PBIS program, then congratulations and keep doing what you're doing! 

If, on the other hand, you are one of the many schools/districts struggling with RtI/PBIS, then consider the following two choices:

1) You might choose not to do RtI.  There is no law that says you have to do RtI.  If you choose not to do RtI, that might be a great choice.

2) If you choose to do RtI, then you need to do RtI well and it's time to seriously consider the USPM-2!  Still not convinced?  Keep reading...

About the USPM-2

Thank you for considering the USPM-2. Download it and try it for FREE! You will quickly be on your way toward providing effective RtI/PBIS-MTSS services for students. Know what you're doing, do it well, and do it with style!

The USPM-2 is a research-based (Asbridge, 1993) universal screener and progress monitor utilizing teachers’ perceptions to assist schools with the identification of mild, moderate, or significant levels of risk across ten different domains.  The information gathered allows for systematic, data-based decisions along the three-tiered system of support to help students.

A key component of the RtI (Response to Intervention) service delivery model is universal screening for students. A variety of screening methods are and have been utilized at different schools and districts throughout the nation, yet many current screening methodologies address only academics.  There exist several issues and concerns with only screening for academics and not addressing the whole human.

Many other concerns related to the use, misuse, or nonuse of screening practices are well documented in the research and include the fact that unreliable or even invalid instruments, such as DIBELS, are often or sometimes limited, screening only levels of risk in reading. 

Other problematic issues include differing perceptions of how screenings should occur, resulting in a wide range of practices between and within schools in the same district and even between individual staff members within the same grade in the same school.  The USPM-2 can provide consistency in service delivery methods within a grade level, school, and district. 

Progress monitoring is another required component of RtI but a myriad of similar challenges and difficulties exist. Often, schools don't systematically monitor student progress and if/when they do, there may be very little data involved.

The author has long been skeptical and an outspoken critic of RtI.  Schools and districts have an important choice to make:  either do RtI or don't do RtI, but if you're going to do RtI, then do RtI and do it well.  The USPM-2 can help.

The USPM-2 requires only 4 hours per year minimum!!!  That's right!  The old behavioral models didn't work because they had a 20,000 page manual and took 40 hours per week to implement.  They turned it into rocket science.  Forget that!


Many (most) districts across the nation continue to struggle with the successful implementation of RtI/PBIS-MTSS (Education Week, 2016, 2017).  The USPM-2 effectively addresses and resolves many concerns and obstacles in the provision of an effective, systematic screening and monitoring instrument and methodology to better serve students.

If you're tired of being just another school mired down for the past twenty years of struggling to implement RtI/PBIS, it's time to consider the USPM-2. 

How It Works - Advantages: 

• Is cost-effective.
• Is time-effective.
• Is easy to use.
• Goes beyond academics and behavior and addresses the “whole child.”
• Allows and encourages professional judgment.
• Values and respects teacher perceptions.
• Stresses early intervention and prevention.
• Effectively uses technology.
• Is based on research and allows opportunities for additional research.
• Provides structure and consistency to the RtI and PBIS-MTSS service delivery models.
• Provides data to assist with decisions to effectively help students.
• Provides several opportunities to monitor student progress.
• Encourages collaboration/consultation/communication amongst stakeholders.
• Enhances home-school communications.
• Does not label children – instead labels levels of concern or risk.
• And more!  

How It Works - The Universal Screener (US-2):

• Each teacher/rater is provided with the Universal Screening Form via e-mail.
• Teacher completes the form (should take about an hour).
• Completed form is forwarded to administration and site USPM-2 Manager via e-mail.
• Results are collected, calculated, merged.
• Results are shared with teachers, grade levels, and site/district administration.
• Stakeholders collaborate/consult to make data-based decisions.
• Information is available for student, class, grade, school, and district levels.
• Interventions/services provided as appropriate.
• Progress screening/monitoring reoccurs as appropriate.

How It Works - The Progress Monitor (PM-2): 

• Open the one-page form and complete it!
• Enter the student name, teacher name, and date.
• Enter the frequency/time of ratings (e.g., days, months, year)
• Enter up to 20 observed responses (can document more with more forms).
• Enter the number of observations.
• Results are automatically calculated and visually displayed in graph form.
• (Briefly) document the referral concern, goal, intervention, and results.
• Print out and share with stakeholders.
• Make data-based decisions resulting in improved student outcomes!  

How It Works - The USPM-2 User's Guide (Topics):

• Introduction.
• Overview and description (includes RtI, PBIS, and Reciprocal Determinism Models).
• Pros, cons, considerations, & cautions.
• How universal screening works (includes step-by-step instructions).
• Key to ratings.
• Operational definitions for each domain.
• Interpreting the data (general guidelines plus many examples).
• Making data-based decisions.
• Interventions.
• Progress monitoring (using the US-2).
• Progress monitoring (using the PM-2). 
• Future directions & next steps.
• Resources & References. 
And more!

The USPM-2 provides universal screening and progress monitoring within a multitiered system so that data-based decisions can lead to improved student outcomes. 


A Real-Life Example



Here is one example of how the USPM-2 can provide powerful information leading to improved student outcomes.

The third-grade teacher has rated her levels of concern (from 1 to 5) in the ten different domains for each of her students in her class, as did every teacher in the school.

Note:  Operational definitions, keys to ratings, and everything else are in the User's Manual.

From the data alone, you can see how information can lead to an increased understanding and be utilized for every student, classroom, grade level, and school along the multitiered system of support.

Compare the USPM-2 approach, which addresses the whole human, with many RtI/PBIS approaches only addressing academics and behavior.

In the real-life example above, John was struggling with academics, appeared to lack motivation, and often did not complete his assigned classwork and homework.  Instead of just giving more DIBELS, continued poor grades, and a behavioral referral to the office, the teacher considered everything.  

The teacher consulted with John's parent during conference week and some strategies were found to help reduce the homework wars and some modifications were made to allow time for basketball practice.  His teacher also encouraged parent to remove him from a lifetime of grounding and return his use of the computer.  At school, John was allowed to read in small groups rather than in front of the entire class in exchange for his contracted/negotiated agreement to increase his AR points.

Within the first week, John's motivation and home concerns showed significant improvement, both increasing to Level 1 (no significant concerns).  His overall average was reduced to 1.7, showing overall improvement.  His academics remained as significant for the rest of the trimester - some things take time.  However, as per progress monitoring results, his ELA rating improved to Level 4 by the end of the next trimester.

The USPM-2 provides universal screening for the whole human to provide interpretive data/information which can lead to interventions and services as appropriate leading to improved student outcomes as shown by progress monitoring 


"Now we can make learning fun again!"
     Teacher (November of 2016) 



RtI In National Crisis

Special Report

RtI Expands, Encounters Growing Pains
Education Week

RtI continues to expand its reach and evolve.  This special report on RtI - Education Week’s second such report - explores the challenges facing educators as they adopt RtI for new uses, scale it up to more schools and districts, and use it to improve learning for all students.”

The USPM-2 helps overcome RtI's growing pains.

Still Not Convinced?

Top 10 Reasons To Use The USPM-2: 

1) Leads to improved positive outcomes for students;
2) Provides the framework and structure for RtI/PBIS service delivery models;
3) Humanistic approach addresses the whole-human, not just reading and behavior;
4) Respects and values teacher perceptions and judgments;
5) Encourages professional communities, collaboration, and consultation;
6) Is time-effective - requires only about 10 hours per year - teachers have time to teach;
7) Effectively uses modern computer technology;
8) Research-based and allows additional opportunities for research;
9) Easy to use and understand; and
10) Hey, it's free, it can't hurt to give it a try, eh? 

See if The USPM-2 is the Right Choice for You!


Frequently Asked Questions

Have a question?  Click here to submit it via e-mail.
Q: I'm interested, but before I commit my entire school to using the USPM-2, I'm thinking it might be wise to pilot it in a few classrooms or for a grade level first.  Do you think that's a good idea? 
A:  Yes, that's a great idea!
Q: You advertise and promote the USPM-2 "Starter Kit."  If I get started using the USPM-2, what else will be needed down the road?  Are there any surprises?
A: The main requirement will be the need for someone who is capable using Excel™ spreadsheets. Someone will need to be able to collect the data, merge it, sort it, print it, and distribute it to each teacher and stakeholder.
Q: I work in a district that is increasingly emphasizing outcome-based educational practices.  Can the USPM-2 provide data that can show improved student outcomes?
A: Yes, that's exactly what the USPM-2 does.
Q: Are you saying RtI/PBIS can be this simple and effective?  Over the past ten years my district has spent hundreds of thousands of dollars struggling to get RtI to work.
A: Yes, that's what I'm saying.  
Q: Is the USPM-2 the same as RtI?  I'm confused.
A: No, the USPM-2 provides the basic components and structure necessary to provide effective RtI.
Q: I like the universal screening component but I have my own progress monitor that I've successfully used for years. Is it okay if I continue to use my own monitor?
A: Yes of course.  Always do whatever works best for your students.
Q: Can I customize US-2 and PM-2 forms?  I want to add my school's logo and colors.  I also want to add a couple columns to better meet the needs of my students.
A: Yes, feel free to customize the forms however you would like.  Make it your's!  If you have any ideas on how the USPM-2 can be improved, please never hesitate to let me know!
Q: We are trying the USPM-2 at my school and we love it!  We are calling it USPM-Lite because it's so effective and easy to understand and implement.  Is that okay?
A: Yes, that is terrific!  I'll take that as a great compliment and start using that term myself!  Thank you!
Q: I love the USPM-2!  Can I share it with other teachers and on teacher resource sites?
A: Thank you!  Please feel free to tell other teachers and educators about the USPM-2 and do not hesitate to spread the word across the internet, but please do not redistribute the USPM-2... instead, refer them to this page.
Q: I work in a SELPA in a different state.  We are thinking about using the USPM-2 for all the districts in the county. What do you think?
A: I think that would be a terrific choice.
Q: Aren't you the guy who has always complained about RtI?  Why the change of heart now?
A: Yes, that's me!  As a social scientist I've always been skeptical of RtI for too many reasons to list here. I'm forwarding the USPM-2 because, frankly, it's embarrassing to see public education continue to fail to such a degree year after year.  I think we can do better.  We have to do better.  RtI is in a national crisis.  There are no magic cures but the USPM-2 provides a real opportunity to get back to the basics, to find something that works better.
Q: I'm still confused.  You don't like RtI but you are recommending RtI?
A: Let's just say it... RtI failed and has been a miserable failure for twenty years, yet everyone is still for some reason does it.  I say if we have to to RtI, then let's make it simple.  It shouldn't be rocket science, it shouldn't take forty hours per week to implement, and it shouldn't require a 40,000-page user's manual.  RtI failed because all that happened in 95% of districts across the nation was the provision of [behavioral] "interventions" because that seems like a nice thing to do.  Seemingly, little or no time or effort was spent actually establishing the program, which merely consists of universal screening, progress monitoring along a multitiered system of supports, leading to data-based decisions.  They started a program but never started the program!  So all the USPM-2 states is, "if we have to do RtI (and we don't have to do it (your district might just decide that RtI has been a miserable failure and they just aren't going to do it any more - that might be a wise choice), then let's do RtI and remember it's not rocket science.  Screen, monitor, make data-based decisions resulting in observable positive student outcomes."  It's that easy... four hours per year.  Then teachers can get back to teaching and the USPM-2 has provided a wealth of data at a variety of levels to help students. 

References & Links

Resources by RtI2 Ten Core Components

On this California Department of Education page are resources, links, and information related to RtI.  This list, identifies the ten core components of RtI, reminding us once again how easy RtI should and could be (well, all except SLD determination, that's another story). Teachers are already providing high-quality classroom instruction - thank you for all you do!  The USPM-2 either directly or indirectly provides or assists with the items on the list:

• High-quality classroom instruction
• High expectations
• Assessments and data collection
• Problem-solving systems approach
• Research-based interventions
• Positive behavioral support
• Fidelity of program implementation
• Staff development and collaboration
• Parent and family involvement
• Specific Learning Disability determination (RtI2 only)


School-wide Screening for At-Risk Students:  Best Practices and School Examples

The PBIS site provides some pretty good information related to school wide screening.


Universal Screening

The Center on Response to Intervention forwards information and links related to the topic of universal screening, mostly addressing academic realms.


Controversy plagues school mental health screening

The USPM-2 is not a mental health screener.  There are pros, cons, considerations, cautions, risks, and potential pitfalls whenever ranking and sorting of humans occur by any method.  The USPM-2 does not screen for, nor diagnose, any mental health or DSM conditions.  In addition to the USA Today article, there are thousands of additional resources available through an internet search related to mental health screenings.  The USPM-2 does screen for real-life difficulties in real language.


Reciprocal Determinism

This YouTube video (2:56) by Brooke Miller provides a brief introduction and overview of reciprocal determinism.


The USPM-2

The Universal Screener/Progress Monitor, 2nd Edition (USPM-2) by Donald J. Asbridge provides the necessary components for the successful implementation of RtI/PBIS-MTSS in classrooms, grade levels, schools, and districts.


Share The USPM-2


If you like the USPM-2, please share this site with others!

USPM-2 Official Home Page:  www.xpsych.com/uspm2.htm

E-Mail:  shrink@bak.rr.com

USPM-2 Public Release Date:  December 28th, 2016  •  Page Updated:  August 20th, 2017

Go to the Documents Page to download the FREE USPM-2

Please join the NEW USPM-2 Forum

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USPM-2 © 1993, 2014-21.  Donald J. Asbridge, Ed.S.  Bakersfield, California USA.  Some rights reserved.



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